Proven methodology with short deployment cycle
Primary Water Technologies LLC (USA) has developed a unique PrimaryWater™ methodology to pinpoint locate and precision drill for high quality groundwater worldwide. We start with the desktop collection of project data to include: topographical and geological maps; any water well borelogs and hydrochemical analyses on or near the project area; and all other client objectives and requirements. This is followed by lineament mapping and fracture trace analysis to determine faults, fissures and fracture zones in the project zone. These remote steps, usually requiring about two weeks, provide the exploration team with a set of data and maps to focus their surveys once on the ground. We then employ an easily deployed geophysical system for wide-area survey based on radiometric gamma ray scintillation counting that permits us to ground-truth the desktop studies while driving in a vehicle or ATV, on foot and even by drone. We then narrow down to prospective areas for passive seismic surveys that provide rapid 2D and 3D acoustic profiles of the lithology below to reveal formations and structures highly prospective for groundwater. During the exploration phase, we counsel the client regarding optimal drilling rigs--preferably a dual rotary (DR) like the Foremost, or a standard rotary air hammer with powerful compressor capable of 100% air drilling. Given reasonable local conditions, most boreholes can be completed in a day or two!
Lineament Study and Fracture Trace Analysis
Passive Seismic Acoustic Profiles
"This is one way water can form on Earth,” says team member John Tse at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada. “We show it’s possible to have water forming in Earth’s natural environment, rather than being of extraterrestrial origin.” The simple reaction takes place at about C 1400 ° and pressures 20,000 times higher than atmospheric pressure as silica, or silicon dioxide, reacts with liquid hydrogen to form liquid water and silicon hydride. The latest work simulates this reaction under various temperatures and pressures typical of the upper mantle between 40 and 400 kilometres down. It backs up previous work by Japanese researchers who performed and reported the reaction itself in 2014."
Planet earth makes its own water from scratch deep in the mantle
- New Scientist (27 January 2017)